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The Things They Carried


U.S. Army helicopters in the Vietnam War

The "Vietnam War was the longest war in which the United States took part. It began in 1957 and ended in 1975. Vietnam, a small country in Southeast Asia, was divided at the time into the Communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam, commonly called North Vietnam, and the non-Communist Republic of Vietnam, commonly called South Vietnam. North Vietnamese and Communist-trained South Vietnamese rebels sought to overthrow the government of South Vietnam and to eventually reunite the country. The United States and the South Vietnamese army tried to stop them, but failed."

Gilbert, Marc Jason. "Vietnam War." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021,
"U.S. Army helicopters in the Vietnam War." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021. Online image,

U.S. Reactions to the War

Vietnam War protestersThe Vietnam War "divided many Americans into so-called hawks and doves. The hawks supported the nation's fight against Communism. But they disliked Johnson's policy of slow, gradual troop increases and urged a decisive defeat of North Vietnam. The doves opposed U.S. involvement and held mass protests. Many doves believed that U.S. security was not at risk. Others charged that the nation was supporting corrupt, undemocratic, and unpopular governments in South Vietnam.


The growing costs of the war, however, probably did more to arouse public uneasiness in the United States than the antiwar movement did. By late 1967, increased casualties and Johnson's request for new taxes helped produce a sharp drop in public support for the war."

Gilbert, Marc Jason. "Vietnam War." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021,

"Vietnam War protesters." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021. Online image,

The Draft



"About 58,000 American military personnel died in the war. About 300,000 others were wounded. South Vietnamese military losses were approximately 224,000 killed and 1 million wounded. North Vietnamese and Viet Cong losses totaled about 1 million dead and 600,000 wounded. Countless numbers of civilians in North and South Vietnam also perished.

The U.S. bombing in the conflict was more than three times as great as the combined U.S.-British bombing of Germany in World War II. The American air strikes destroyed much of North Vietnam's industrial and transportation systems. But South Vietnam, where most of the fighting took place, suffered the most damage. The war made refugees of as many as 10 million South Vietnamese. The bombing and the use of chemicals to clear forests scarred the landscape and may have permanently damaged much of South Vietnam's cropland and plant and animal life."

Gilbert, Marc Jason. "Vietnam War." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021,

After the War

More Historical Fiction Books Set During the Vietnam War

These books are also set during the time period of the Vietnam War.

They are all available to check out at the North High Library.