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IB History Internal Assessment (IA)

St. Petersburg Women parade during the Russian Revolution, 1917. Courtesy The Everett Collection

"Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of rebellions against the Russian czar, Nicholas II. The revolution swept away the Russian monarchy and laid the foundation for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also called the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union ruled Russia and its neighboring republics for 70 years.

In March 1917 (February on the old Russian calendar, which was changed in 1918), the Russian people rebelled against Czar Nicholas II. He gave up his throne, and a provisional government tried to administer the country. That government was unable to resolve the many challenges facing Russia. The October Revolution took place in November 1917, when the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party seized power. That takeover is sometimes called the October, Bolshevik, or Communist Revolution."

Barnes, Andrew. "Russian Revolution of 1917." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021, 

"Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia, and his family posed for this photograph shortly before the Russian Revolution of 1917. The czar's family included, clockwise from lower left , his son, Grand Duke Alexis; his wife, Empress Alexandra; and his daughters, the Grand Duchesses Maria, Olga, Tatiana, and Anastasia."
"Czar Nicholas II and his family." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021. Online image, 

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