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IB History Internal Assessment (IA)

"Secretaries, housewives, waitresses, women from all over central Florida are getting into vocational schools to learn war work. Typical are these in the Daytona Beach branch of the Volusia county vocational school." Courtesy National Archives, photo no. 208-AA-352V-4

"Millions of women in the United States... joined the labor force during World War II. They replaced men who were needed for combat operations. Women worked in shipyards and aircraft factories. They filled many jobs previously held only by men... About 338,000 women served in the U.S. armed forces. They worked as mechanics, drivers, clerks, and cooks. They also filled many other noncombat positions."

Stokesbury, James L. "World War II." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021,

"During World War II (1939-1945), several million American women took factory production jobs to aid the war effort. However, after the war ended, these women were urged to leave the work force to make room for the returning servicemen. Devotion to home and family and the rejection of a career emerged as the ideal image for women. This view of womanhood, examined by the American author Betty Friedan in her book The Feminine Mystique (1963), all but replaced any organized struggle for women's rights until the 1960's."

Gustafson, Melanie S. "Women's movement." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2021, 

"World War II was a transformative moment for American women who served in the military and replaced men in the industrial labor force. The war’s iconic “Rosie the Riveter” image symbolized women who worked in non-traditional industrial jobs... Returning veterans [after the end of World War II] displaced many women in industrial work as they were encouraged to return to homemaking. Women in trade unions began to challenge both gender and race discrimination."

“Introduction.” Click - The Ongoing Feminist Revolution - Feminist History, History of Feminism, Women's Rights Movement, History of Women's Rights, Feminist Movement,

Photo Courtesy of National Archives, photo no. 179-WP-1563

Women During World War II on JSTOR

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